Thursday, October 16, 2008

Shuangliu County

Shuangliu County is a county in the northwestern part of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China. Located approximately 19 kilometers away from downtown Chengdu, the county covers 1068 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 920,000. It is the home of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, the fifth busiest airport in the People's Republic of China.

Pi County

Pi County is a county within Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China. It is located just 10 km north-west of Chengdu's city centre. The seat of the Pixian County Government is located in Pitong Town , one of the 14 towns within the county.

Pi County covers an area of 437.5 square kilometres, with a total population of 480,000.

Pi County has over 2300 years of history -- it was established by the State of Qin two years after it defeated the State of Shu, in 314 BC. It is famous throughout China for Pixian ''doubanjiang'', a type of spicy fermented bean sauce.

Dujiangyan City

Dujiangyan is a county-level city of Chengdu, Sichuan Province in China. It has an area of 1208 square kilometers and a population of 600,000 in 2003.

Dujiangyan used to be a county named ''Guanxian'' or Guan County , in Chinese literally "irrigation" county . The People's Republic of China created a county-level city in 1988, and renamed it in honor of the Dujiangyan Irrigation System, which is located in the northwestern area of the city, famous for still providing neighboring major city Chengdu with water even though it was built around 250 BC.


Around 250 BC during the Warring States Period , Li Bing, a governor of Shu in the Qin state with his son directed the construction of Dujiangyan. The governor gave up the old way of dam building, which was simply trying to catch the floodwaters. Instead he employed a new method by channeling and dividing the water to harness the . He accomplished this by separating the project into two main parts: the headwork and the irrigation system. The project effectively put flood waters under control. For over two thousand years the whole system has functioned perfectly, serving not only for flood prevention but also as an immense source for irrigation and a means to facilitate shipping and wood drifting. It has contributed greatly to the richness of Chengdu Plain with its reputation as "The Land of Abundance".

On 12 May 2008, the city was the closest to the epicenter the 2008 Sichuan earthquake and the city suffered severe damage. Xinjian Primary School, Juyuan Middle School, and Xiang'e Middle School collapsed in the earthquake; Beijie Primary School did not collapse.

Administrative divisions

Dujiangyan has 17 and 2 :

China National Highway 317

China National Highway 317 runs from Chengdu, Sichuan to Naqu, Tibet. It is 2,028 kilometres in length.

Chengdu-Chongqing Expressway

Chengyu Gaosugonglu is the first thruway from Chengdu to Chongqing, which was finished in July 1,1995. The whole distance is about 340.2 kilometers, and between Wugui Qiao of Chengdu and Chenjia Ping of Chongqing.

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding

Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, or simply Chengdu Panda Base, is a non-profit research and breeding facility for giant pandas and other rare animals. It is located in Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Chengdu Panda Base was founded in 1987. It started with 6 giant pandas that were rescued from the wild. By 2007, it has had 110 panda births, and the captive panda population has grown to 62.

Its stated goal is to "be a world-class research facility, conservation education center, and international educational tourism destination."


Chengdu Panda Base has partnered with many organizations in improving ways to conserve giant pandas. For example, its partnereship with Zoo Atlanta helped the zoo secure the loan of 2 giant pandas.. To date, these 2 giant pandas, and Lun Lun, have produced two off-springs — 2-year-old Mei Lan, and a new male cub born on August 30, 2008.

Other research partners include:
*Adventure World in Shirahama, Wakayama, Japan
*East Bay Zoological Society, Oakland, California,
*Liverpool University,
*National Institute of Health/National Cancer Institution, USA
*, Washington, D.C., USA
*North of England Zoological Society, UK
*The Oakland China Wildlife Preservation Foundation, California, USA
*San Diego Zoo, California, USA
*University of Japan

Chengdu Railway Bureau

Chengdu Railway Bureau is a regional bureau affiliated to the Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China. It is in charge of 9 primary railway routes, with operating length of 4,457.8 kilometers. It oversees the railway networks in Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, although the portion of Nanning-Kunming railway in Guizhou is administered by Kunming Railway Bureau.